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How To Write Short

It's not news that the Internet age has put a premium on the pithy, but some people use the short form more effectively than others. Roy Peter Clark, author of How To Write Short, shares some tips on making the most of every word.

What's the best way to write in the digital age? Short, according to Roy Peter Clark, vice president of the Poynter Institute for Media Studies. "The Internet has given us unlimited space to express ourselves and too often this leads to flabby writing," he says. On the flip side, we now have many great short forms like tweets, status updates, and texts. But mastering short forms requires practice. Which is where Clark's recent book How to Write Short: Word Craft for Fast Times can help.

Some useful tips, distilled.

Don't Dump

Beware unlimited space. Never dump your notes online, and always take the time to proofread for typos and grammatical mistakes—even in texts and tweets. "I reject the notion that this takes too much time," Clark says.

Emphatic Word Order

Put the most powerful and emphatic words at the end of the sentence, tweet, text, etc. Take this line from Macbeth: "The queen, my Lord, is dead." Shakespeare could have written this line to read: "The queen is dead my Lord" or "My Lord, the queen is dead" or Yoda-like, "Dead the queen is, my Lord."

"Shakespeare's version is best," says Clark. "He puts an important word at the beginning—queen—and saves the most important word until the end—dead. The Brits call a period a "full stop." That exactly describes the rhetorical effect here. You’re more likely to notice something at a stop sign than when you’re cruising at 50 miles down the highway."

Use the Power of Two

Take Ying and Yang or salt and pepper. These dualities create a "rub"—i.e. friction. "Have you seen the Amish Mafia?" Clark asks. "I mean Amish and Mafia! Those things don't go together." In a digital space that is so dense with information, Clark says these juxtapositions really grab people's attention.

Entice Your Readers

Always kick off copy with an enticing lede—i.e. information that is both important and interesting. This is what journalists call good "news judgement." Compare these two headlines and ledes.

From the AP
Latest Developments in the Occupy Protests
"Police cleared New York City's Zuccotti Park early Tuesday so that sanitation crews could clean the site ..."

From Bloomberg News
NYC Police Remove OWS Protesters
"New York City police in riot gear swept into a Lower Manhattan park earlier today to remove Occupy Wall Street demonstrators..."

Guess which story garnered more shares?

On the subject of headlines, I asked Clark to come up with a few suggestions for this story. He offered "Want Attention? Write It Short" and "From Proverbs to Twitter: Short Writing Delivers."

Whether one of these hits the mark is now in my editor's hands ... (So wordy!—Ed.)

[Image: Flickr users Jörg Beckmann, Alhanouf AL-Abdollah, and Coco Curranski]

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  • Aina Baig

    here you find more stuff <a href=""> Persuasive Essay</a> Thanks for sharing

  • Barney Lerten

    Ah yes, Strunk and White, as my favorite editor used to quote: "Omit needless words. Prune for vigor." (And yet, sitting in that newsroom, I said, more than once, "I don't have time to write it that short!" Hardest thing at times is deciding what to leave out.)

  • Nick Wright

    If you want to learn to write and edit like a good journalist, I suggest you try the free download of the StyleWriter copy-editing software.

  • vonkrieger33

    Dan I agree completely. Maybe it would have been better. "Social Media: The short on engaging" or something to that effect. I am spit-balling at 6:30 a.m. LOL

  • CitizenWhy

    Persuasive or explanatory communications: Get to the point immediately. No introductions. Then use what is minimally needed to show how you got there. Getting there may include the context, which is the same as an intro but briefer, and not up front. Most important would be two-three points of evidence, with examples. Restate conclusion at end.

    Emails: State the point in the subject line. Work on it until it's brief and accurate.

    Voice mail: Hello, name. Please leave a message. Thank you.

    If you are plagued with people who dawdle and ramble, and then rush the phone number so fast you can't understand it, you may want to add: Please say your name and phone first, slowly and clearly, then a brief message.

  • Yael Miller

    The title did get me on twitter, though! Good article. Worth bookmarking.

  • CitizenWhy

    Get to the point. No introductions. This applies to "'persuasive" presentations

  • Dan Thornton

    Isn't most of the above advice simply the same training that has been taught to journalists writing news stories for decades?

    And I'd disagree that writing online should only be short and economical news writing - there are plenty of examples of great long form writing, which sometimes includes notes, brain dumps and more.

    The main rule of writing should be that form follows function.

  • JeanneBrown

    I see your editor didn't go with either headline and instead opted for the SEO-friendly "How to..." of headline writing!